Welcome!

Linux Containers Authors: Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Stackify Blog

Related Topics: Linux Containers

Linux Containers: Article

Escola de Linux and Linux na escola

Open source adoption in Brazil for education

Brazil. Samba, Soccer, Carnaval, Caipirinhas and Churrasco. And, of course, Open Source. The Latin American nation of 180 million is among the world's leaders in both government-backed and grass-roots adoption of Free and Open Software (FOSS), with growing deployment in the public sector, in the banking and retail industries, and by educational institutions, both for infrastructure and curriculum use. Moreover, Brazil is home to dozens of FOSS projects and to some illustrious proponents of Linux, including kernel maintainer Marcelo Tosatti and pop star minister of culture, Gilberto Gil.

This article focuses on how federal and local government agencies and schools, from the streets of São Paulo to the sertão of Ceará, are leveraging Linux in both the classroom and the data center, and as matters of public policy and of personal choice.

Lei de informática - Brazil's Govertment and IT Law
Just as climate changes brought Magellanic penguins to the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's political clime in recent years has proven very favorable to Tux and to open source software. The administration of president Luis Ignácio "Lula" da Silva has enacted procurement policies that aim to displace proprietary software on 300,000 government computers, and to fuel Brazil's long-cherished dream of cultivating local high-tech industry and even of becoming a net exporter of technology. In particular, Lula has (re)allocated US$1 Billion for FOSS-based communications and mandated the upgrade and integration of 200,000 public schools with FOSS nation-wide (although availability of funding has been subject to terms of the International Monetary Fund and repayment of longstanding international debt, causing substantial delays).

Ministry of Education
For the past several years, even before the term of the present government, the Brazilian Ministry of Education has been developing programs to bring computers into K-12 school and public university settings, and to connect Brazil's public educational system internally and to the Internet. For these ongoing programs, the introduction of Linux and other open source software provides both a financial boon and ongoing impetus for local development of platform and application software. Examples of MOE programs include the establishment of 500 computer labs around Brazil and training 700 support staff for Linux/Windows dual-boot client/server systems; migration to 100% open source of legacy programs like Rived (Virtual Education Network co-sponsored by Intel do Brasil), the Repository of Learning Objects, e-Pronto, and the Distance Learning Environment Platform.

Adoption by Region
While Brazil's central government and its Ministry of Education and the ITI (Institute of Informatics) evangelize and nominally fund efforts from their offices in Brasilia, the real measures of success come from regional programs with local funding. Moreover, while some of these regional efforts build directly on government initiatives, others stem from corporate sponsorship and local school district investments.

State of São Paulo
The most visible adoption programs have focused on public education in the mega-city of São Paulo, whose 18 million inhabitants drive a large swath of the national economy and whose thriving business community creates demand for a computer-literate workforce. Through the auspices of corporate sponsorship, the city's fiscally challenged schools have been able to establish over 500 technology labs with more than 15,000 workstations and servers that target 1.5 million students. Results, however, have been mixed. On the one hand, the city reportedly is saving millions of reais (R$) on server and client platform licensing by deploying Linux and FOSS workloads. On the other, there still exists a large gap in the availability of educational software and in the ability of Windows-literate teachers to use and teach with Linux-based client systems.

The state of São Paulo also boasts several important academic and industrial research and development centers around the interior city of Campinas. For example, the University of Campinas (Unicamp) leveraged the support of IBM's Linux Technology Center in establishing a world-class research program around the Linux OS and open source software. The presence of Unicamp, of its facilities, and of able graduates has also fostered the establishment of a community of both large and small high-tech firms, one of several "mini Silicon Valleys" in the country.

Brasilia Federal District
The nation's capital, Brasilia, is home to the Catholic University of Brazil (UCB), a bastion of Linux and other open source project work. Schools like UCB work in close collaboration with industry, and UCB is presently engaged with Intel and Itaútec in support of an Open Source Lab. UCB's Open Source lab has two main objectives: (1) to build proof-of-concept prototypes to test and validate applications and workloads with Linux and open source stacks, and (2) to foster and host local development of Linux-based applications. Recent lab efforts include research toward building open source network administration tools based on OpenLDAP, drawing on requirements gathered by Itaútec from large government IT providers. Also, Intel has promoted testing and validation of the resultant tools for robustness and scalability, and guided the evolution of the projects.

State of Espírito Santo
The city of Ecoporanga instituted a digital inclusion program administered by students and teachers. This program builds on a broader effort by Brazil's Ministry of Communications to establish computer labs in 1,400 schools nationwide with satellite-based Internet connectivity.

State of Paraná
Educational institutions at several levels are deploying 30,000 machines in remote boot client/server (5:1) installations. The configuration was developed by a team from the University of Paraná, with funding from the World Bank and Unesco. Ongoing work is also supported by Intel do Brasil and MSTech with a goal of sourcing open source e-classroom management applications. In the absence of plentiful CAEware, in Paraná as in other locales, IT teams tend to build on server-based deployment with thin clients or mono-purpose workstations.

States of Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro and Ceará
Local educators are using MOE funding to develop and deploy Windows/Linux dual boot systems for classroom use, with municipal and neighborhood-based digital inclusion and Internet access programs, especially for underprivileged youth.

Corporate Sponsorship
A key factor driving programs at both national and local levels has been the involvement of both Brazilian and multi-national corporate interests. In country, companies like Itaútec (owned by Banco Itaú), Novadata, and Linux supplier Conectiva (now a part of Mandriva) have invested heavily in "informatizing" Brazilian education (much as Apple did in the '70s and '80s in the U.S.). Complementing such native efforts are programs sponsored by companies like Intel and IBM, both of which have a long-standing presence in Brazil and make substantial investments in the dissemination of computer technology there.

More Stories By Bill Weinberg

Bill Weinberg brings over 18 years embedded and open systems experience
to his role as Open Source Architecture Specialist and Linux Evangelist
at the Open Source Development Labs, where he supports initiatives for
meeting developer and end-user requirements for Carrier-Grade, Data
Center and Desktop Linux.

Prior to the OSDL, Bill was a founding team-member at MontaVista
Software, and helped establish Linux as a favored platform for next-
generation intelligent embedded device development. In the course of
his career, Bill also worked at Lynx Real-Time Systems, Acer Computer,
and Microtec Research.

Today Bill is known for his writing and speaking on topics that include
Linux business issues, Open Source licensing, embedded application
porting/migration, and handheld applications. He pens columns in
LinuxUser and Developer, and Embedded Computing Design, and is a
contributor to periodicals like E.E.Times, Linux Journal and Elektronik.
Bill is also a featured speaker at conferences like Linux World, Real-
time Computing, and Embedded Systems.

More info at http://www.linuxpundit.com

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
JETRO showcased Japan Digital Transformation Pavilion at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo® at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) is a non-profit organization that provides business support services to companies expanding to Japan. With the support of JETRO's dedicated staff, clients can incorporate their business; receive visa, immigration, and HR support; find dedicated office space; identify local government subsidies; get...
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
In past @ThingsExpo presentations, Joseph di Paolantonio has explored how various Internet of Things (IoT) and data management and analytics (DMA) solution spaces will come together as sensor analytics ecosystems. This year, in his session at @ThingsExpo, Joseph di Paolantonio from DataArchon, added the numerous Transportation areas, from autonomous vehicles to “Uber for containers.” While IoT data in any one area of Transportation will have a huge impact in that area, combining sensor analytic...
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
Charles Araujo is an industry analyst, internationally recognized authority on the Digital Enterprise and author of The Quantum Age of IT: Why Everything You Know About IT is About to Change. As Principal Analyst with Intellyx, he writes, speaks and advises organizations on how to navigate through this time of disruption. He is also the founder of The Institute for Digital Transformation and a sought after keynote speaker. He has been a regular contributor to both InformationWeek and CIO Insight...
Michael Maximilien, better known as max or Dr. Max, is a computer scientist with IBM. At IBM Research Triangle Park, he was a principal engineer for the worldwide industry point-of-sale standard: JavaPOS. At IBM Research, some highlights include pioneering research on semantic Web services, mashups, and cloud computing, and platform-as-a-service. He joined the IBM Cloud Labs in 2014 and works closely with Pivotal Inc., to help make the Cloud Found the best PaaS.
It is of utmost importance for the future success of WebRTC to ensure that interoperability is operational between web browsers and any WebRTC-compliant client. To be guaranteed as operational and effective, interoperability must be tested extensively by establishing WebRTC data and media connections between different web browsers running on different devices and operating systems. In his session at WebRTC Summit at @ThingsExpo, Dr. Alex Gouaillard, CEO and Founder of CoSMo Software, presented ...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place November 12-13 in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd international CloudEXPO | first international DXWorldEXPO and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.
I think DevOps is now a rambunctious teenager - it's starting to get a mind of its own, wanting to get its own things but it still needs some adult supervision," explained Thomas Hooker, VP of marketing at CollabNet, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
CloudEXPO New York 2018, colocated with DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City and will bring together Cloud Computing, FinTech and Blockchain, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, AI, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location.
DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term. A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of bus...
Everything run by electricity will eventually be connected to the Internet. Get ahead of the Internet of Things revolution. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Akvelon expert and IoT industry leader Sergey Grebnov provided an educational dive into the world of managing your home, workplace and all the devices they contain with the power of machine-based AI and intelligent Bot services for a completely streamlined experience.
DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
In his keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Sheng Liang, co-founder and CEO of Rancher Labs, discussed the technological advances and new business opportunities created by the rapid adoption of containers. With the success of Amazon Web Services (AWS) and various open source technologies used to build private clouds, cloud computing has become an essential component of IT strategy. However, users continue to face challenges in implementing clouds, as older technologies evolve and newer ones like Docker c...
"Evatronix provides design services to companies that need to integrate the IoT technology in their products but they don't necessarily have the expertise, knowledge and design team to do so," explained Adam Morawiec, VP of Business Development at Evatronix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"MobiDev is a software development company and we do complex, custom software development for everybody from entrepreneurs to large enterprises," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
To get the most out of their data, successful companies are not focusing on queries and data lakes, they are actively integrating analytics into their operations with a data-first application development approach. Real-time adjustments to improve revenues, reduce costs, or mitigate risk rely on applications that minimize latency on a variety of data sources. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Jack Norris, Senior Vice President, Data and Applications at MapR Technologies, reviewed best practices to ...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, discussed the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.