Welcome!

Linux Authors: Trevor Parsons, Peter Silva, Elizabeth White, Dmitriy Stepanov, Rex Morrow, Datical

Related Topics: Linux

Linux: Article

Linux.SYS-CON.com Feature: Novell OES, The Leading Linux Server Product vs. Windows 2003, Server

A look under the hood of a leading Linux server product and compare it to its rival, Microsoft

As Linux continues to make significant inroads into the data center, I think it's important to look under the hood of a leading Linux server product and compare it to its rival, Microsoft. Whether I'm looking to buy a car, a stereo, or even a refrigerator, I've always loved comparison shopping. That said, I want to drill down feature by feature and directly compare Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) with Windows 2003 Server.

Before continuing, it should be noted that Windows Server 2003 comes in four different flavors (not including 64-bit editions): Web Edition, Standard Edition, Enterprise Edition, and Datacenter Edition. Web Edition is a limited offering designed only for running as a Web server. Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition are largely similar with the main difference being that Enterprise Edition supports four processors and clustering up to eight nodes while Standard Edition supports two-node clusters and two processors. Enterprise Edition also includes support for additional performance features such as Non-Uniform Memory Access (NUMA). Datacenter Edition is very similar to Enterprise Edition with added functionality for line-of-business application control. Datacenter doesn't include an Internet firewall.

Initial Setup

Novell OES
MInstalling OES was fairly simple. During the installation, OES guides you through an easy-to-follow wizard to gather any information needed to configure security and hardware settings, LDAP, Network Services, as well as eDirectory. Additional configuration was required, however, before eDirectory was up and ready to use. Since management is done through the Web-based iManager, Apache also had to be up and running. SSL Certificates had to be installed and configured with Apache since iManager requires SSL encryption.

Microsoft Server 2003
MInstallation was as easy as expected from any Windows OS. Boot from the install CD, follow basic instructions, and it's installed. Unlike 2000 Server, 2003 boots up with none of the installed server components turned on as a security measure. However, each component is easily activated via the "Manage Your Server" screen shown at logon. Clicking "Add or remove a role" on this screen brings you to a GUI to set up the "roles" your server can play. You can return to the "Manage Your Server" screen from the start menu to view and manage existing server roles, as well as add and remove roles.

Ease of Use

Novell OES
Though OES doesn't have wizards and management consoles that are as easy as Server 2003, Novell has really simplified the amount of technical knowledge required to set up and maintain OES. With GUI-based tools such as YaST and iManager, management is made easier. Installating OES took a little longer than Server 2003, but once iManager was up and running all other tasks became easier. One nice thing about iManager is that it provides the user with one centralized location for most, if not all server management tasks.

Microsoft Server 2003
From initial setup and configuration to management and maintenance, Microsoft provides easy-to-follow wizards and GUI management tools that simplify server setup tasks. After installation, the server management GUI shown at first logon steps through setup and is easy to follow. Microsoft does really well in the "user friendly" department. Its wizards and the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) really break complex tasks down to a level that's easily understood. Server 2003 keeps the management of most of its services consistent by using MMC as a common management platform.

Interoperability

Novell OES
Since OES can be run using either NetWare or Linux, interoperability between the two is rock solid. A single OES license lets the user build two servers of either foundational type and operate them both as a cluster. With this setup, eDirectory is the common binding element of the two and management becomes easier than using OpenLDAP. Novell has really done well at integrating its Linux and NetWare OES environments, but interoperability with Windows is another story. Connecting with Active Directory and NT domains presents two layers of directory services that must be resolved via additional tools such as Samba proxy services. Using these tools requires quite a bit of extra installation and manual configuration to get eDirectory and Active Directory to play nice together.

Microsoft Server 2003
Server 2003 has beefed up its interoperability with a new version 3.5 of Services for Unix (SFU). This helps to unify file sharing through the NFS client, server, and gateway and lets Unix scripts be reused on Windows. Though Microsoft has provided a basic interoperability facility with Unix and Linux systems, it's not a true integration of Unix or Linux clients with Active Directory, but rather an extension of Active Directory to behave as an NIS server. Macintosh services are also available for interoperating with Mac-based systems via the AppleTalk protocol as well as an optional user authentication module to use the same logon method as Windows users.

File Services

Novell OES
Novell provides options when choosing the file system to use for file services. Novell Storage Services File System is an attractive choice, with features such as visibility, a trustee access control model, multiple namespace support and a file salvage sub-system. OES lets you have an NSS volume on Linux and utilize NetWare's set of file permissions. However, using NSS on Linux will limit a few of NSS's features including volume encryption, Novell Distributed File Services (DFS), user space restrictions, and volume snapshots. Also available are other Linux traditional file systems such as ext2, etx3, ReiserFS, JFS, and XFS. There are also options as far as file sharing goes. Samba provides both file and print services to SMB/CIFS clients for traditional network file sharing (including Windows clients) as well as over http-WebDAV for Web folders. Samba is a popular choice for multi-platform clients. Novell's iFolder is another alternative. iFolder is included with OES and is a Web- and network-based file repository. Clients can access files a number of different ways. An iFolder client can be installed (on either Linux or Windows) to sync and secure connections to the iFolder server. NetDrive on Windows can also map iFolder stores as network drives. iFolder lets files be moved and copied quickly using an rcp-type (Unix Remote Copy) method no matter what the client type. NetStorage is another option for providing local and Web access to files without needing a client and can be integrated with iFolder to access iFolder data stored on other servers.

Microsoft Server 2003
Using "Manage Your Server," setting up the file server was done easily. It should be noted that any practical use of Server 2003 as a file server would require more steps made easier through the "File Server Management" console. The File Server Management Console lets you manage shares, sessions, open files, and do routine disk tasks such as defragmenting and partition management. New in Server 2003 is the ability to create "shadow" copies of shares. Doing this lets users view the contents of shared folders as they existed at previous points in time. To access shadow copies requires using additional client software, which is included with the Windows Server 2003 family. The shadow copy feature provides the same functionality as the file salvage feature that's been part of NetWare for a long time. 2003 includes an Encrypting File System (EFS) integrated system service to run on all disks (including clustered disks), which simply adds a level of protection while remaining transparent to the user. Removable Storage support is also part of 2003's File Server, helping to make it easier to track storage media, but Remote Storage is only available in the Datacenter edition of Server 2003. Windows 2003 also supports WebDav and NFS although setup is significantly harder than it is for CIFS

Print Services

Novell OES
A nice feature that OES has for print services is a Web-based printer map to locate and install printers. iPrint completes the install, automatically loading the print drivers if needed. All printing features can be managed from the Web-based iManager making all print server management tasks accessible from one interface. Another feature OES includes in print services is the ability to encrypt print data via SSL. Server 2003 doesn't offer print job encryption.

More Stories By Jon Walker

Jon Walker serves as CTO of Versora, an ISV providing Microsoft to Linux migration software. Mr. Walker recently has co-authored 2 whitepapers with Novell titled Migrating from IS Web Servers to Apache SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9.0 and Migrating File and Print Servers from Windows to SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9. Prior to Versora, Mr. Walker was CTO/VP of Engineering for Miramar Systems. Software developed under his direction at Miramar has been deployed to over 20 million computers worldwide. Mr. Walker has also served as senior technologist for Nortel and Xing Technology (now Real Networks).

Comments (4) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
none 02/11/06 07:51:29 AM EST

I use suse 10.0 it got few bugs here and there but it is far more better then winxp.
Hope that Novell will kick Bill Gates with the new Vista the ASS.

Jean Rondon 01/09/06 11:09:05 AM EST

I do not really understand your comments about eDirectory. You state: "Bringing eDirectory over to the Linux kernel scores major points for Novell in this area."
eDirectory has been available to the Linux platform for over 5 years.

Jaimon Jose 01/08/06 02:38:38 AM EST

eDirectory has been there on linux for over 5 years now. OES bring eDirectory as a NOS directory. This is the main difference.

SYS-CON Brazil News Desk 12/27/05 03:58:13 PM EST

As Linux continues to make significant inroads into the data center, I think it's important to look under the hood of a leading Linux server product and compare it to its rival, Microsoft. Whether I'm looking to buy a car, a stereo, or even a refrigerator, I've always loved comparison shopping. That said, I want to drill down feature by feature and directly compare Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) with Windows 2003 Server.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Software AG helps organizations transform into Digital Enterprises, so they can differentiate from competitors and better engage customers, partners and employees. Using the Software AG Suite, companies can close the gap between business and IT to create digital systems of differentiation that drive front-line agility. We offer four on-ramps to the Digital Enterprise: alignment through collaborative process analysis; transformation through portfolio management; agility through process automation and integration; and visibility through intelligent business operations and big data.
There will be 50 billion Internet connected devices by 2020. Today, every manufacturer has a propriety protocol and an app. How do we securely integrate these "things" into our lives and businesses in a way that we can easily control and manage? Even better, how do we integrate these "things" so that they control and manage each other so our lives become more convenient or our businesses become more profitable and/or safe? We have heard that the best interface is no interface. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Co-Founder & CTO at Octoblu, Inc., will discuss how these devices generate enough data to learn our behaviors and simplify/improve our lives. What if we could connect everything to everything? I'm not only talking about connecting things to things but also systems, cloud services, and people. Add in a little machine learning and artificial intelligence and now we have something interesting...
Last week, while in San Francisco, I used the Uber app and service four times. All four experiences were great, although one of the drivers stopped for 30 seconds and then left as I was walking up to the car. He must have realized I was a blogger. None the less, the next car was just a minute away and I suffered no pain. In this article, my colleague, Ved Sen, Global Head, Advisory Services Social, Mobile and Sensors at Cognizant shares his experiences and insights.
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) irreversibly encoded. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at how this identity problem can be solved and discuss ways to use existing web identities for real-time communication.
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. It also ensured scalability and better service for customers, including MUY! Companies, one of the country's largest franchise restaurant companies with 232 Pizza Hut locations. This is one example of WebRTC adoption today, but the potential is limitless when powered by IoT. Attendees will learn real-world benefits of WebRTC and explore future possibilities, as WebRTC and IoT intersect to improve customer service.
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, will share some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, an Open Source Cloud Communications company that helps the shift from legacy IN/SS7 telco networks to IP-based cloud comms. An early investor in multiple start-ups, he still finds time to code for his companies and contribute to open source projects.
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to create new business models as significant as those that were inspired by the Internet and the smartphone 20 and 10 years ago. What business, social and practical implications will this phenomenon bring? That's the subject of "Monetizing the Internet of Things: Perspectives from the Front Lines," an e-book released today and available free of charge from Aria Systems, the leading innovator in recurring revenue management.
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges.
There’s Big Data, then there’s really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at 6th Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, to discuss how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other machines.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices – computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors – connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be!
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Erik Lagerway, Co-founder of Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services to the modern P2P RTC era of OTT cloud assisted services.
While great strides have been made relative to the video aspects of remote collaboration, audio technology has basically stagnated. Typically all audio is mixed to a single monaural stream and emanates from a single point, such as a speakerphone or a speaker associated with a video monitor. This leads to confusion and lack of understanding among participants especially regarding who is actually speaking. Spatial teleconferencing introduces the concept of acoustic spatial separation between conference participants in three dimensional space. This has been shown to significantly improve comprehension and conference efficiency.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, will discuss single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example to explain some of these concepts including when to use different storage models.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in software-defined storage (SDS) purpose-built for Windows Servers and Hyper-V, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Gridstore™ is the leader in software-defined storage purpose built for virtualization that is designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Using its patented Server-Side Virtual Controller™ Technology (SVCT) to eliminate the I/O blender effect and accelerate applications Gridstore delivers vmOptimized™ Storage that self-optimizes to each application or VM across both virtual and physical environments. Leveraging a grid architecture, Gridstore delivers the first end-to-end storage QoS to ensure the most important App or VM performance is never compromised. The storage grid, that uses Gridstore’s performance optimized nodes or capacity optimized nodes, starts with as few a...
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace. These technological reforms have not only changed computers and smartphones, but are also changing the data processing model for all information devices. In particular, in the area known as M2M (Machine-To-Machine), there are great expectations that information with a new type of value can be produced using a variety of devices and sensors saving/sharing data via the network and through large-scale cloud-type data processing. This consortium believes that attaching a huge number of devic...
Innodisk is a service-driven provider of industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products and technologies, with a focus on the enterprise, industrial, aerospace, and defense industries. Innodisk is dedicated to serving their customers and business partners. Quality is vitally important when it comes to industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products. That’s why Innodisk manufactures all of their products in their own purpose-built memory production facility. In fact, they designed and built their production center to maximize manufacturing efficiency and guarantee the highest quality of our products.
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. Over the summer Gartner released its much anticipated annual Hype Cycle report and the big news is that Internet of Things has now replaced Big Data as the most hyped technology. Indeed, we're hearing more and more about this fascinating new technological paradigm. Every other IT news item seems to be about IoT and its implications on the future of digital business.
BSQUARE is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success. For more information, visit www.bsquare.com.
With the iCloud scandal seemingly in its past, Apple announced new iPhones, updates to iPad and MacBook as well as news on OSX Yosemite. Although consumers will have to wait to get their hands on some of that new stuff, what they can get is the latest release of iOS 8 that Apple made available for most in-market iPhones and iPads. Originally announced at WWDC (Apple’s annual developers conference) in June, iOS 8 seems to spearhead Apple’s newfound focus upon greater integration of their products into everyday tasks, cross-platform mobility and self-monitoring. Before you update your device, here is a look at some of the new features and things you may want to consider from a mobile security perspective.