Welcome!

Linux Containers Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Eric Robertson, Carmen Gonzalez, Liz McMillan

Related Topics: Containers Expo Blog, Java IoT, Linux Containers, Open Source Cloud, Recurring Revenue, @CloudExpo

Containers Expo Blog: Article

Configuring Linux Virtualization with Oracle VirtualBox

Using ISOs for virtual machines

Virtualization is the process creating a virtual version of a resource such as an operating system, network resource or storage device. Virtualization of an OS involves hosting an OS on another OS using a virtualizer such as Oracle VirtualBox. Various Linux distributions such as openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora are available. In this article we'll discuss hosting openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox running on Windows OS.

Setting the Environment
Download the ISO images for the guest OS to be installed, openSUSE 12.1 Live KDE ISO, Ubuntu ISO, Fedora ISO. Download the Oracle VirtualBox exe file VirtualBox-4.1.8-Win.exe or another version from https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Double-click on the exe file to start the setup wizard. Click on Next in the Oracle VirtualBox 4.1.8 Setup wizard. In Custom Setup select the features to install (the default features) and specify the directory Location to install. Click on Next. Select the required options in Custom Setup and click on Next. A Warning indicates that installing the VirtualBox Networing feature will reset the networking connection. For "Proceed with installation now" click on Yes. In Ready to Install click on Install. Oracle VM VirtualBox gets installed. Select the checkbox Start OracleVM VirtualBox after installation and click on Finish. The Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager gets installed.

Configuring openSUSE
In this section we'll install openSUSE distribution on Oracle VirtualBox. Click on Machine>New to create a new virtual machine.

The Create a New Virtual Machine wizard gets started. Click on Next. In VM Name and OS Type specify a Name, and in OS Type select Operating System as Linux. Select Version as openSUSE and click on Next.

In Memory select the amount of base memory as 512 MB and click on Next. In Virtual Hard Disk the recommended size of the start-up disk is indicated as 8.00 GB. Select Create a New Hard Disk option and click on Next. In Create New Virtual Disk wizard select File Type as VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image), which is the default selection, and click on Next. In Virtual disk storage details select Storage details as Dynamically allocated. A dynamically allocated disk only uses space as it gets filled up based on requirement, which could slow down its use. A Fixed size disk take longer to create but is faster to use. Click on Next. Select Dynamically allocated and select Next. In Virtual disk file location and size specify Location as OpenSuse and Size as 8.00 GB. Click on Next. In Summary click on Create. An OpenSuse virtual machine gets created. Select the virtual machine and click on Start Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager.

In VirtualBox Information click on OK for the default settings. The First Run Wizard gets started when the virtual machine is started for the first time so that an OS may be installed. Click on Next. In Select installation Media select Media Source as the openSUSE KDE Live ISO. Click on Next.

In Summary click on Start. The openSUSE Installer gets started. Click on Installation when the installer starts.

In Welcome click on Next. In Clock and Timezone select the Timezone, time and date settings and click on Next. In VirtualBox Information click on OK. In Suggested Partitioning click on Edit Partitioning Setup. The Expert Partitioner shows the Avaliable Storage on Linux. Click on Accept.

Click on Next in Suggested Partitioning. In Create New User specify the username and password and click on Next. In Live Installation Settings click on Next. Click on Install. In Confirm Installation click on Install. The installation starts up. In Perform Installation the root filesystem and the live image are shown as being copied. The OpenSuse Kernel gets started. The OpenSUSE virtual machine is shown as running.

Linux login for root gets performed.

Configuring Ubuntu
Next, we'll configure Ubuntu on Oracle VirtualBox. Create a new virtual machine as in the previous section. In VM Name and OS Type select Operating System as Linux and Version as Ubuntu. Click on Next. A virtual machine for Ubuntu gets created. Using the same procedure as in the previous section initialize the new virtual machine. Click on Start. Select Installation Media as the Ubuntu iso. Click on Next. The Linux ISO for Ubuntu gets started. Click on OK in VirtualBox Information. Ubuntu 11.10 virtual machine ISO gets initialized. Click on Install Ubuntu.

In Preparing to Install Ubuntu a system test is performed for enough drive space (4.4 GB) and connection with the Internet. Click on Continue. In Installation Type select Erase disk and install Ubuntu. The disk to be erased is not the Windows OS on which the Oracle VirtualBox is running, but the virtual machine disk. Click on Continue.

In Install>Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu the drive is selected by default. Click on Install Now.

Specify a username and password and click on Continue. Ubuntu gets installed on the virtual machine. Specify Password for the user. Ubuntu is shown as installed.

Configuring Fedora
Next, we'll install Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox. Create a new virtual machine as in the previous sections. Select Operating System as Linux and Version as Fedora. Click on Next. A virtual machine for Fedora gets created. Click on Start to start and initialize the virtual machine. The First Run Wizard gets started. In Select Installation Media select the Fedora ISO. Click on Next. Fedora OS gets installed on the virtual machine.

Summary
In this article we learned how to install and configure Linux distributions openSUSE, Ubuntu, and Fedora on Oracle VirtualBox virtualizer. We used the ISOs for virtual machines to install the Linux distributions on virtual machines running on Oracle VirualBox.

More Stories By Deepak Vohra

Deepak Vohra is a Sun Certified Java 1.4 Programmer and a Web developer.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
"What is the next step in the evolution of IoT systems? The answer is data, information, which is a radical shift from assets, from things to input for decision making," stated Michael Minkevich, VP of Technology Services at Luxoft, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions with...
WebRTC sits at the intersection between VoIP and the Web. As such, it poses some interesting challenges for those developing services on top of it, but also for those who need to test and monitor these services. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Tsahi Levent-Levi, co-founder of testRTC, reviewed the various challenges posed by WebRTC when it comes to testing and monitoring and on ways to overcome them.
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, discussed the best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
Every successful software product evolves from an idea to an enterprise system. Notably, the same way is passed by the product owner's company. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Oleg Lola, CEO of MobiDev, will provide a generalized overview of the evolution of a software product, the product owner, the needs that arise at various stages of this process, and the value brought by a software development partner to the product owner as a response to these needs.
In 2014, Amazon announced a new form of compute called Lambda. We didn't know it at the time, but this represented a fundamental shift in what we expect from cloud computing. Now, all of the major cloud computing vendors want to take part in this disruptive technology. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, John Jelinek IV, a web developer at Linux Academy, will discuss why major players like AWS, Microsoft Azure, IBM Bluemix, and Google Cloud Platform are all trying to sidestep VMs and containers...
@ThingsExpo has been named the ‘Top WebRTC Influencer' by iTrend. iTrend processes millions of conversations, tweets, interactions, news articles, press releases, blog posts - and extract meaning form them and analyzes mobile and desktop software platforms used to communicate, various metadata (such as geo location), and automation tools. In overall placement, @ThingsExpo ranked as the number one ‘WebRTC Influencer' followed by @DevOpsSummit at 55th.
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a client-oriented software development company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software company that develops and delivers turn-key mobile apps, websites, web services, and complex softw...
The cloud market growth today is largely in public clouds. While there is a lot of spend in IT departments in virtualization, these aren’t yet translating into a true “cloud” experience within the enterprise. What is stopping the growth of the “private cloud” market? In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Nara Rajagopalan, CEO of Accelerite, explored the challenges in deploying, managing, and getting adoption for a private cloud within an enterprise. What are the key differences between wh...
"Tintri was started in 2008 with the express purpose of building a storage appliance that is ideal for virtualized environments. We support a lot of different hypervisor platforms from VMware to OpenStack to Hyper-V," explained Dan Florea, Director of Product Management at Tintri, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
The security needs of IoT environments require a strong, proven approach to maintain security, trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vic...
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
Big Data, cloud, analytics, contextual information, wearable tech, sensors, mobility, and WebRTC: together, these advances have created a perfect storm of technologies that are disrupting and transforming classic communications models and ecosystems. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Erik Perotti, Senior Manager of New Ventures on Plantronics’ Innovation team, provided an overview of this technological shift, including associated business and consumer communications impacts, and opportunities it m...
You have great SaaS business app ideas. You want to turn your idea quickly into a functional and engaging proof of concept. You need to be able to modify it to meet customers' needs, and you need to deliver a complete and secure SaaS application. How could you achieve all the above and yet avoid unforeseen IT requirements that add unnecessary cost and complexity? You also want your app to be responsive in any device at any time. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Allen, General Manager of...
WebRTC is bringing significant change to the communications landscape that will bridge the worlds of web and telephony, making the Internet the new standard for communications. Cloud9 took the road less traveled and used WebRTC to create a downloadable enterprise-grade communications platform that is changing the communication dynamic in the financial sector. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Leo Papadopoulos, CTO of Cloud9, discussed the importance of WebRTC and how it enables companies to focus o...
Big Data engines are powering a lot of service businesses right now. Data is collected from users from wearable technologies, web behaviors, purchase behavior as well as several arbitrary data points we’d never think of. The demand for faster and bigger engines to crunch and serve up the data to services is growing exponentially. You see a LOT of correlation between “Cloud” and “Big Data” but on Big Data and “Hybrid,” where hybrid hosting is the sanest approach to the Big Data Infrastructure pro...
In his General Session at 16th Cloud Expo, David Shacochis, host of The Hybrid IT Files podcast and Vice President at CenturyLink, investigated three key trends of the “gigabit economy" though the story of a Fortune 500 communications company in transformation. Narrating how multi-modal hybrid IT, service automation, and agile delivery all intersect, he will cover the role of storytelling and empathy in achieving strategic alignment between the enterprise and its information technology.
Buzzword alert: Microservices and IoT at a DevOps conference? What could possibly go wrong? In this Power Panel at DevOps Summit, moderated by Jason Bloomberg, the leading expert on architecting agility for the enterprise and president of Intellyx, panelists peeled away the buzz and discuss the important architectural principles behind implementing IoT solutions for the enterprise. As remote IoT devices and sensors become increasingly intelligent, they become part of our distributed cloud enviro...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo 2016 in New York. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with 20th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry p...