Welcome!

Linux Containers Authors: Elizabeth White, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Richard Hale, XebiaLabs Blog

Related Topics: SDN Journal, Java IoT, Microservices Expo, Linux Containers, Open Source Cloud, Containers Expo Blog

SDN Journal: Blog Post

Changing the Way We Configure and Provision Our Networks

In enterprises we have never really made a big distinction between configuration and provisioning

Some people believe good or bad things always happen in threes. I believe you will always be able to find three (and probably more) things that are good or bad and somewhat related, but sometimes I get surprised by the apparent coincidental appearance of several closely related “things”. Last week the folks at networkheresy.com posted a second installment of their “policy in the datacenter” discussion, Cisco announced the acquisition of tail-f and internal to Plexxi we had several intense architectural discussions around Configuration, Provisioning and Policy management. Maybe we can declare June CP&P month for networking.

It is mostly accepted that configuration deals with the deployment of devices and applications within an infrastructure. For network devices, it covers the portions of creating a fabric, protocols to maintain this fabric, access and control to the device itself, management connectivity etc. Once a network device is configured, it is a functioning element in a network.

Provisioning is more a telco term, focused on creating the customer facing end of a device of applications. For network devices, this would cover ports that are facing customer or end devices, the edge protocols required, VLANs, IP subnets, etc.

Lastly, policy defines a level of communication service that is created across the configured infrastructure through the attached provisioned interfaces. It defines what communication is allowed and not allowed and with what specific service and service levels.

In enterprises we have never really made a big distinction between configuration and provisioning. But with the evolution to a virtualized infrastructure and more rapid client facing changes as a result of VM creation and movement, I believe the two have enough differences that it makes sense to adopt this separation more broadly.

I catch myself using them interchangeably at times, but there are very distinct differences between them, even if all of them end up as a set of instructions to a switch or set of switches, physical or virtual. The types of instructions are different for each type, the folks responsible for their functionality are different, and the rate of change is different.

More importantly though, the mechanism by which we instruct our network components is rapidly changing. The complexity of the configuration and policy components and the sheer volume and rate of change of the provisioning component is driving more automated methods of instructing our network elements what to do. We have long ago adopted centralized database driven CP&P systems in most our world.

Except for networking. A very large majority of instructions for network devices is still hand crafted, or script-assisted hand crafted. And the entirety of the instruction set for these devices lives on the switches itself. For which we have then created systems that capture and archive them for backup purposes and forensics. When something goes wrong with the device, we go find the latest backup we have and attempt to restore the service.

But this is all changing. Finally. Newer network solutions use centralized systems that have real databases behind them to power the information that needs to be stored, shared, backed up, check pointed, logged, replicated and all the other good stuff real databases have solved for many years.

The biggest hump we need to get past is one of control. Regardless of where or how CP&P data is stored, the more important question is who controls the data. Even if this data is stored on a v- or pSwitch, that same switch should not be the master of that information any longer. There are portions of CP&P information that have network wide meaning and should be specified in a network wide manner. Today we manually construct network wide provisioning or policy semantics. We have to get to a point where we define these in network wide terms and let our tools worry about what that means for the individual network elements that create the service.

We started this a few years ago with abstracted policies we call Affinities. Policies that are defined network wide, without any specificity to location or what elements to apply the policy to. In Plexxi Control, similar concepts exist for some of the provisioning: certain types of data we consider global, they are used and applied network wide without you worrying what elements it applies to.

Centralized or federated CP&P provides huge benefits and potential. All the backend tools exist to make this safe, replicated, audited and logged, better so than any legacy network system. If only we can get our minds past the change in control and not expect the element to be the master source of its data. It is one of the many things we need to accept to allow the network to change.

The post Changing the way we configure and provision our networks appeared first on Plexxi.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Marten Terpstra

Marten Terpstra is a Product Management Director at Plexxi Inc. Marten has extensive knowledge of the architecture, design, deployment and management of enterprise and carrier networks.

@ThingsExpo Stories
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, demonstrated how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and shared the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the develo...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides modern company intranets and team collaboration software, allowing workers to stay connected and productive from anywhere in the world and from any device.
The IETF draft standard for M2M certificates is a security solution specifically designed for the demanding needs of IoT/M2M applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Brian Romansky, VP of Strategic Technology at TrustPoint Innovation, explained how M2M certificates can efficiently enable confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity on highly constrained devices.
"We've discovered that after shows 80% if leads that people get, 80% of the conversations end up on the show floor, meaning people forget about it, people forget who they talk to, people forget that there are actual business opportunities to be had here so we try to help out and keep the conversations going," explained Jeff Mesnik, Founder and President of ContentMX, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Internet of @ThingsExpo has announced today that Chris Matthieu has been named tech chair of Internet of @ThingsExpo 2016 Silicon Valley. The 6thInternet of @ThingsExpo will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
When people aren’t talking about VMs and containers, they’re talking about serverless architecture. Serverless is about no maintenance. It means you are not worried about low-level infrastructural and operational details. An event-driven serverless platform is a great use case for IoT. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Animesh Singh, an STSM and Lead for IBM Cloud Platform and Infrastructure, will detail how to build a distributed serverless, polyglot, microservices framework using open source tec...
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...
From wearable activity trackers to fantasy e-sports, data and technology are transforming the way athletes train for the game and fans engage with their teams. In his session at @ThingsExpo, will present key data findings from leading sports organizations San Francisco 49ers, Orlando Magic NBA team. By utilizing data analytics these sports orgs have recognized new revenue streams, doubled its fan base and streamlined costs at its stadiums. John Paul is the CEO and Founder of VenueNext. Prior ...
A critical component of any IoT project is what to do with all the data being generated. This data needs to be captured, processed, structured, and stored in a way to facilitate different kinds of queries. Traditional data warehouse and analytical systems are mature technologies that can be used to handle certain kinds of queries, but they are not always well suited to many problems, particularly when there is a need for real-time insights.
CenturyLink has announced that application server solutions from GENBAND are now available as part of CenturyLink’s Networx contracts. The General Services Administration (GSA)’s Networx program includes the largest telecommunications contract vehicles ever awarded by the federal government. CenturyLink recently secured an extension through spring 2020 of its offerings available to federal government agencies via GSA’s Networx Universal and Enterprise contracts. GENBAND’s EXPERiUS™ Application...
"My role is working with customers, helping them go through this digital transformation. I spend a lot of time talking to banks, big industries, manufacturers working through how they are integrating and transforming their IT platforms and moving them forward," explained William Morrish, General Manager Product Sales at Interoute, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Big Data engines are powering a lot of service businesses right now. Data is collected from users from wearable technologies, web behaviors, purchase behavior as well as several arbitrary data points we’d never think of. The demand for faster and bigger engines to crunch and serve up the data to services is growing exponentially. You see a LOT of correlation between “Cloud” and “Big Data” but on Big Data and “Hybrid,” where hybrid hosting is the sanest approach to the Big Data Infrastructure pro...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 19th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo Silicon Valley Call for Papers is now open.
The IoT is changing the way enterprises conduct business. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Hoffman, Vice President at EastBanc Technologies, discussed how businesses can gain an edge over competitors by empowering consumers to take control through IoT. He cited examples such as a Washington, D.C.-based sports club that leveraged IoT and the cloud to develop a comprehensive booking system. He also highlighted how IoT can revitalize and restore outdated business models, making them profitable ...
We all know the latest numbers: Gartner, Inc. forecasts that 6.4 billion connected things will be in use worldwide in 2016, up 30 percent from last year, and will reach 20.8 billion by 2020. We're rapidly approaching a data production of 40 zettabytes a day – more than we can every physically store, and exabytes and yottabytes are just around the corner. For many that’s a good sign, as data has been proven to equal money – IF it’s ingested, integrated, and analyzed fast enough. Without real-ti...
I wanted to gather all of my Internet of Things (IOT) blogs into a single blog (that I could later use with my University of San Francisco (USF) Big Data “MBA” course). However as I started to pull these blogs together, I realized that my IOT discussion lacked a vision; it lacked an end point towards which an organization could drive their IOT envisioning, proof of value, app dev, data engineering and data science efforts. And I think that the IOT end point is really quite simple…
With 15% of enterprises adopting a hybrid IT strategy, you need to set a plan to integrate hybrid cloud throughout your infrastructure. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Steven Dreher, Director of Solutions Architecture at Green House Data, discussed how to plan for shifting resource requirements, overcome challenges, and implement hybrid IT alongside your existing data center assets. Highlights included anticipating workload, cost and resource calculations, integrating services on both sides...
"We are a well-established player in the application life cycle management market and we also have a very strong version control product," stated Flint Brenton, CEO of CollabNet,, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
The IoT has the potential to create a renaissance of manufacturing in the US and elsewhere. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Florent Solt, CTO and chief architect of Netvibes, discussed how the expected exponential increase in the amount of data that will be processed, transported, stored, and accessed means there will be a huge demand for smart technologies to deliver it. Florent Solt is the CTO and chief architect of Netvibes. Prior to joining Netvibes in 2007, he co-founded Rift Technologi...
Unless your company can spend a lot of money on new technology, re-engineering your environment and hiring a comprehensive cybersecurity team, you will most likely move to the cloud or seek external service partnerships. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Darren Guccione, CEO of Keeper Security, revealed what you need to know when it comes to encryption in the cloud.