|By Jeremy Geelan||
|May 17, 2004 12:00 AM EDT||
There are lies, damn lies...and then there are press releases.
In the last-named category falls the following absurdity blasted out to the world on Friday by the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution (AdTI), founded in 1988 and devoted, according to its Web site, to keeping up the tradition of de Tocqueville's "omnicurious style of journalism."
In keeping with LinuxWorld tradition we will allow our readers to make up their own minds, by bringing the news release here in full:
Naturally we shall bring you both Torvalds' own response a.s.a.p., along with the promised excerpt on Thursday.
Torvalds claim to "invent" Linux® probably false, says new study
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
May 14, 2004
Washington, DC -- Popular but controversial "open source" computer software, generally contributed on a volunteer basis, is often taken or adapted from material owned by other companies and individuals, a study by the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution finds.
In one of the few extensive and critical studies on the source of open source code, Kenneth Brown, president of AdTI, traces the free software movement over three decades -- from its romantic but questionable beginnings, through its evolution to a commercial effort that draws on unpaid contributions from thousands of programmers.
Among other points, the study directly challenges Linus Torvalds' claim to be the inventor of Linux.
Brown's account is based on extensive interviews with more than two dozen leading technologists in the United States, Europe, and Australia, including Richard Stallman, Dennis Ritchie, and Andrew Tanenbaum.
"The report," according to Gregory Fossedal, a Tocqueville senior fellow, "raises important questions that all developers and users of open source code must face.
"One cannot group all open source programmers together. Many are rigorous and respectful of intellectual property. Others, though, speak of intellectual property rights -- at least when it comes to the property of others -- with open contempt."
Brown suggests the invention of Unix is an integral part of the Linux story. "People's exceptional interest in the Unix operating system," he writes, "made Unix one of the most licensed, imitated, and stolen products in the history of computer science.
"Over the years, many have envied the startling and pervasive success of Unix. For almost thirty years, programmers have tried to build a Unix-like system and couldn't. To this day, we have a serious attribution problem in software development because some programmers may have chosen to unscrupulously borrow or imitate Unix."
Brown's study is part a book he is writing on open source software and operating systems. A series of excerpts from the book will be published at www.adti.net beginning on May 20.
|Paulus 10/31/04 04:30:56 PM EST|
It's quite old news, and Groklaw already covered it the last time: http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20040517002423242&query=+Alexis...
Here's the answer from some of the ppl Ken Brown claims to have spoken to:
|Justin 06/28/04 07:32:18 PM EDT|
Ken Brown is a liar because people.. ehm. M$ paying him money to do whoring business..
|Facon^Crest 05/28/04 11:40:44 PM EDT|
who give a damn if an individual uses a free software or a proprietary software, its a matter of choice. Linux didn't forced you to use and adapt it, it didn't force you to donate. Its there, its fashion and its free. So why make the trouble of making contradictive statements? Its already given out for free, its up to you to use it or not, but dont any judgementary opinions coz you dont understand it! CAN YAH DIG IT?!? SUCKA!!!!
|pay for software 05/25/04 08:41:39 AM EDT|
Linus can kiss my @ss for helping destroy an industry.
|ZerosAndOnes 05/19/04 12:45:52 AM EDT|
ADTI mission is in opposition to the article posted on Linus.
ps: Does anyone have rights over the binary number system
|WhoMe? 05/18/04 04:45:48 PM EDT|
I can't wait for AdTI's next press release discussing how Windows was merely an imitation of the Xerox Star. Yes, any time now, wait for it ...
|WhoBacksAdTItoWriteThisStuff 05/18/04 08:53:03 AM EDT|
If all this hokey stuff really is Microsoft working through paid shills, it is
|anonymOus 05/18/04 08:49:21 AM EDT|
Hmm, I know this idea is not very popular but...
No, Linus did not 'father' Linux when it comes to ideas initially, he does when
Going from there to claiming he stole them is way too far tho, at that time
I think it is important however to se that distinction. This argument is going
I for one would be interested to hear what Linus himself has to say about it. I
|sarose 05/18/04 02:06:30 AM EDT|
Kenneth who named linux.. who has contributed enormous time to build the first complete kernel compile from GNU tools. who annouced the first kernel? and for that who should be credited as a father linux?
|sarose 05/18/04 02:06:08 AM EDT|
Kenneth who named linux.. who has contributed enormous time to build the first complete kernel compile from GNU tools. who annouced the first kernel? and for that who should be credited as a father linux?
|Tyler Jensen 05/17/04 10:56:39 AM EDT|
Linus did imitate Unix as the press release charges, but the idea that imitation is "unscrupulous" is absurd. Word imitated Word Perfect. Excel imitated Lotus 1-2-3. Etcetera. I'm usually the first to question some of the more outrageous claims from the Linux community, so I feel compelled to blast such a transparent attempt to sully Mr. Torvald's name. Not even SCO has made such a claim. If Kenneth Brown wishes to make such claims, he definitely should be showing the evidence at the same time. To shamelessly make the claim only to sell more copies of his books or reports is unethical and immoral. At least SCO chose a forum sanctioned by the law in which to make it's claims. Unless Mr. Brown can back up his claims with evidence, he may very well find himself on the wrong side of the law.
|Sue Kenneth 05/17/04 09:07:55 AM EDT|
Who has heard of the Linux Mark Institute - couldn't it sue these AdTI idiots?
Here's the LMI's mission:
The Linux Mark Institute ("LMI") is an organization established on behalf of the Linux® operating system community for the specific purpose of providing a simple means of licensing or sublicensing the use of the Linux registered trademark for use in connection with software and computer products, and other miscellaneous products related to the promotion of Linux. LMI is not designed to generate profits for anyone which is why Torvalds has given LMI primary sub-license rights for the mark. Its purpose is to protect legitimate uses of the LINUX trademark without burdening Linus Torvalds or any one entity with the financial responsibility of protecting the LINUX community's use of the mark.
|SIR Linus 05/17/04 09:05:28 AM EDT|
Linus maybe needed an SIR - i.e., a non-profit that will work with Open Source developers to file Statutory Invention Registrations than can be used to prevent some of the patently silly behavior that's been going on recently.
I understand the process is cheaper than doing a full blown patent so it may not be as unreachable as it seems.
See: Types of Patents
|B.S. 05/17/04 09:00:57 AM EDT|
Alexis de Tocqueville was a jackass and the institute that bears his name doesn't seem much better.
|saden1 05/17/04 08:59:01 AM EDT|
The Alexis de Tocqueville Institute is just a laughingstock of an institute that wants to be taken seriously.
|True That (NOT) 05/17/04 08:56:36 AM EDT|
The AdTI?!! This was the group that told us first that closed source was more secure than open source, and then "Open source software, also described as free software, is the neutron bomb of IP" - eugh!
|13Echo 05/17/04 08:53:51 AM EDT|
I think many people fail to understand the value in free software in relation to the work that is involved in distributing it.
Patrick Volkerding doesn't require that you buy Slackware to use it. Nevetheless, I send him a $40 "donation" every year or two because I value his work in putting it together, and I hope that it coaxes him to continue the effort into the future. He mentions that his work on Slackware has always been a profitable endeavor since day one, even if it is on a small scale compared to other software products out there.
There are reasons for paying for something that's free. It's called "My ass is too lazy to download, compile, and configure an entire OS and its programs". Some people can't understand this concept because they've never understood anything other than traditional business models.
|spitzak 05/17/04 08:51:21 AM EDT|
People say free software isn't capitalism, but free software IS capitalism. Everybody writing it is writing for entirely selfish purposes. Not every reward is money. I would estimate 99% of free software is written to boost the writer's ego and to gain admiration, and perhaps even to advertise their talents and get paid. Maybe 1% is written by somebody literally thinking they are improving the world.
The GPL is explicitly designed so that a persons creative efforts continue to belong to them, while still allowing maximum exposure and distribution and advertising.
If free software was not capitalism, it would be public domain.
|Penance 05/17/04 08:47:47 AM EDT|
Perhaps then the de Tocqueville Institute will produce a report on how illegally maintained monopolies can hurt the computer industry?
|For the Record 05/17/04 08:29:09 AM EDT|
A famous Wired article called "Did MS Pay for Open-Source Scare?" 'outed' the AdTI a year ago. Here's the key passage:
A Microsoft spokesman confirmed that Microsoft provides funding to the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution.
"We support a diverse array of public policy organizations with which we share a common interest or public policy agenda such as the de Tocqueville Institution," the spokesman wrote in an e-mail.
Microsoft did not respond to requests for comment on whether the company directly sponsored the debate paper. De Tocqueville Institute president Ken Brown and chairman Gregory Fossedal refused to comment on whether Microsoft sponsored the report.
"It is not our policy to comment on supporters; I'm sure you can understand. From this you should not infer that information you have is correct or not correct; we just don't comment," Fossedal wrote in an e-mail.
"These folks really need to be more straight-forward about this," security researcher Richard Smith said. "Not commenting makes it appear as if they have something to hide."
|Trailer435 05/17/04 08:25:51 AM EDT|
as Clinton would say, "it all depends on what the meaning of 'invent' is"
|MakeUpYourMind 05/17/04 08:24:23 AM EDT|
Interesting how the AdTI disses Linus yet in its release carefully respects the Linux trademark owned by...Linus Torvalds.
The demand for organizations to expand their infrastructure to multiple IT environments like the cloud, on-premise, mobile, bring your own device (BYOD) and the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow. As this hybrid infrastructure increases, the challenge to monitor the security of these systems increases in volume and complexity. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stephen Coty, Chief Security Evangelist at Alert Logic, will show how properly configured and managed security architecture can...
May. 4, 2016 05:15 PM EDT Reads: 327
We’ve worked with dozens of early adopters across numerous industries and will debunk common misperceptions, which starts with understanding that many of the connected products we’ll use over the next 5 years are already products, they’re just not yet connected. With an IoT product, time-in-market provides much more essential feedback than ever before. Innovation comes from what you do with the data that the connected product provides in order to enhance the customer experience and optimize busi...
May. 4, 2016 05:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,303
A critical component of any IoT project is the back-end systems that capture data from remote IoT devices and structure it in a way to answer useful questions. Traditional data warehouse and analytical systems are mature technologies that can be used to handle large data sets, but they are not well suited to many IoT-scale products and the need for real-time insights. At Fuze, we have developed a backend platform as part of our mobility-oriented cloud service that uses Big Data-based approache...
May. 4, 2016 03:30 PM EDT Reads: 607
The increasing popularity of the Internet of Things necessitates that our physical and cognitive relationship with wearable technology will change rapidly in the near future. This advent means logging has become a thing of the past. Before, it was on us to track our own data, but now that data is automatically available. What does this mean for mHealth and the "connected" body? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Lisa Calkins, CEO and co-founder of Amadeus Consulting, will discuss the impact of wea...
May. 4, 2016 03:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,162
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ericsson has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Ericsson is a world leader in the rapidly changing environment of communications technology – providing equipment, software and services to enable transformation through mobility. Some 40 percent of global mobile traffic runs through networks we have supplied. More than 1 billion subscribers around the world re...
May. 4, 2016 01:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,328
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
May. 4, 2016 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,423
The IoTs will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and share the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the development proc...
May. 4, 2016 12:45 PM EDT Reads: 904
We're entering the post-smartphone era, where wearable gadgets from watches and fitness bands to glasses and health aids will power the next technological revolution. With mass adoption of wearable devices comes a new data ecosystem that must be protected. Wearables open new pathways that facilitate the tracking, sharing and storing of consumers’ personal health, location and daily activity data. Consumers have some idea of the data these devices capture, but most don’t realize how revealing and...
May. 4, 2016 12:45 PM EDT Reads: 599
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Klein, CEO and Co-founder of Rachio, will discuss next generation communities that are using IoT to create more sustainable, intelligent communities. One example is Sterling Ranch, a 10,000 home development that – with the help of Siemens – will integrate IoT technology into the community to provide residents with energy and water savings as well as intelligent security. Everything from stop lights to sprinkler systems to building infrastructures will run ef...
May. 4, 2016 12:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,257
trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vice president of product management, IoT solutions at GlobalSign, will teach IoT developers how t...
May. 4, 2016 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 530
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to massively disrupt IoT. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, AJ Abdallat, CEO of Beyond AI, will discuss what the five main drivers are in Artificial Intelligence that could shape the future of the Internet of Things. AJ Abdallat is CEO of Beyond AI. He has over 20 years of management experience in the fields of artificial intelligence, sensors, instruments, devices and software for telecommunications, life sciences, environmental monitoring, process...
May. 4, 2016 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,337
There is an ever-growing explosion of new devices that are connected to the Internet using “cloud” solutions. This rapid growth is creating a massive new demand for efficient access to data. And it’s not just about connecting to that data anymore. This new demand is bringing new issues and challenges and it is important for companies to scale for the coming growth. And with that scaling comes the need for greater security, gathering and data analysis, storage, connectivity and, of course, the...
May. 4, 2016 11:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,237
Increasing IoT connectivity is forcing enterprises to find elegant solutions to organize and visualize all incoming data from these connected devices with re-configurable dashboard widgets to effectively allow rapid decision-making for everything from immediate actions in tactical situations to strategic analysis and reporting. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Shikhir Singh, Senior Developer Relations Manager at Sencha, will discuss how to create HTML5 dashboards that interact with IoT devic...
May. 4, 2016 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,383
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, will provide tips on how to be successful in large scale machine lear...
May. 4, 2016 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,518
Digital payments using wearable devices such as smart watches, fitness trackers, and payment wristbands are an increasing area of focus for industry participants, and consumer acceptance from early trials and deployments has encouraged some of the biggest names in technology and banking to continue their push to drive growth in this nascent market. Wearable payment systems may utilize near field communication (NFC), radio frequency identification (RFID), or quick response (QR) codes and barcodes...
May. 4, 2016 08:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,008
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
May. 4, 2016 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,191
The IETF draft standard for M2M certificates is a security solution specifically designed for the demanding needs of IoT/M2M applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Brian Romansky, VP of Strategic Technology at TrustPoint Innovation, will explain how M2M certificates can efficiently enable confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity on highly constrained devices.
May. 4, 2016 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,269
Manufacturers are embracing the Industrial Internet the same way consumers are leveraging Fitbits – to improve overall health and wellness. Both can provide consistent measurement, visibility, and suggest performance improvements customized to help reach goals. Fitbit users can view real-time data and make adjustments to increase their activity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mark Bernardo Professional Services Leader, Americas, at GE Digital, will discuss how leveraging the Industrial Interne...
May. 4, 2016 04:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,361
Whether your IoT service is connecting cars, homes, appliances, wearable, cameras or other devices, one question hangs in the balance – how do you actually make money from this service? The ability to turn your IoT service into profit requires the ability to create a monetization strategy that is flexible, scalable and working for you in real-time. It must be a transparent, smoothly implemented strategy that all stakeholders – from customers to the board – will be able to understand and comprehe...
May. 3, 2016 12:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,232
You deployed your app with the Bluemix PaaS and it's gaining some serious traction, so it's time to make some tweaks. Did you design your application in a way that it can scale in the cloud? Were you even thinking about the cloud when you built the app? If not, chances are your app is going to break. Check out this webcast to learn various techniques for designing applications that will scale successfully in Bluemix, for the confidence you need to take your apps to the next level and beyond.
May. 3, 2016 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,617