Welcome!

Linux Authors: Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez, Rex Morrow, Datical, Elizabeth White, Pat Romanski

Related Topics: Linux

Linux: Article

Linux for Dummies, 6th Edition

Introducing Linux to the masses

Dee-Ann LeBlanc's classic Linux for Dummies takes the new user from the basics of the operating system through installing and using it. Now in its sixth edition, I talked to Dee-Ann about the book, her thoughts on the direction of Linux and how she manages to fit all of the work that she does into her busy schedule.

A sixth edition of a book on a relatively "new" technology is quite an achievement. Are things really changing that quickly in the Linux market?

As technology goes, they're changing quite rapidly, especially in the desktop space. As of the fourth edition I made an "executive decision" (with the support of my editors) to focus the book entirely on the desktop. In barely over 300 pages you just can't do justice to both desktop and server. As it is, it's difficult to do justice to the desktop!

When people tell me they tried Linux on the desktop a year or two ago and that it wasn't sufficient, I tell them that you can't compare Linux on the desktop as recently as a year ago with what it is today. Desktop Linux is growing in leaps and bounds, it's a wild and fun ride.

Without going into too much detail, how much has changed since last year's edition?

Fedora's look has changed significantly. It's gone for more of a "traditional" Gnome and "traditional" KDE, which I really like. The tools some distributions prefer have changed, which has meant that what I cover in detail has changed, and I've added three more distributions to the mix to try to cover a wider range of what people are using. In the previous edition I covered Fedora and added some Mandrake and SuSE in there. In the sixth edition I've added Linspire, Xandros and Knoppix.

Even cooler, in this edition the DVD can boot into either the Fedora installer or into the Knoppix no-installation desktop. We've also got ISOs for the other distributions so people won't have to download them. Some are full versions (Fedora, Knoppix, Mandrake and Linspire) and some are evaluation versions (SuSE and Xandros). Since even DVDs fill up we were really pushing the boundaries of what would fit.

Obviously, in such limited page space I can only cover one distribution in huge detail, and that's Fedora. However, I cover installations for each of these in as much detail as I can, and I cover how to update the systems and add software for each of them as well again in as much detail as possible.

Your opening chapter helps to dispel many of the myths of Linux. Is it true to say that many people, including IT professionals, still have misconceptions about Linux?

It's not as bad as it used to be but it's still pretty confusing out there. I talk to a lot of people because I travel so much and I teach online, and I'm constantly debunking myths. I had a student try to tell my other online students that Microsoft bought a major Linux company and was going to be the biggest producer of Linux software. I was glad it was online so I could keep a "straight face" with my response.

What I do find is that many more people have a vague notion of Linux' existence. If a cab driver or my seatmate on a plane ask me what I do, and I mention Linux, five years ago I would have gotten a glazed, blank look. Now people nod and even if they don't really understand what Linux is, they know it's out there. That I find very cool.

The Fedora Core is used throughout the book, although you also cover many of the other distributions. How do you choose a Linux distribution suitable for your needs?

Choosing a distribution is a very personal choice in a lot of ways.

Some of the distros are designed specifically for newcomers (think Linspire and Xandros). If you don't want to install anything, then something like Knoppix is great. Others are what I consider more "general purpose" that have nice desktop offerings (among those I cover, those are Fedora, Mandrake and SuSE). If you're really into technical stuff and server stuff and want to really work at a low level, then something like Debian or Slackware might be your preferred distribution.

I also like to point out to people that sometimes your best choice revolves around what your Linux-using friends know. If your friends all use Debian, and you find it too techie, you can choose Linspire, Xandros or one of the many other beginner distributions that are built on top of Debian. That way, your friends can help you with the lower-level stuff like adding apt repositories. If you don't know anyone who uses Linux, then you want a distribution that has decent support and/or a good online community. What you consider good here is more personal. Developers might like something more like Gentoo, along with those folks who are nuts about eking out the very most performance possible and are willing to wait out (nicely automated) compiling software?and figure out their not so automated installation process.

Sometimes you'll find that a distribution just does NOT get along with your particular hardware. People rave to me about Mandrake and yet it has given me problems through the 10 years I've been using Linux, so while I cover it because so many people have a good experience with it, it's not my favorite.

So, all in all, it's hard to give a cut-and-dried answer. One thing I tried to do in this edition is to let people see what's in each of them and give them a feel for what each is like to help them make that choice.

A lot of attention in the Linux arena is given to "emulating" the look-and-feel of Windows and/or Mac OS X to help adoption. Is this a good strategy?

I have mixed feelings on this topic. Xandros in particular specializes in being set up for Windows users. That's great. However, I also feel that Linux is Linux, not Windows and not the Mac. It's great to have options for people who want to set their machine up to look and work like another OS. I feel that Linux is all about choice after all, but I'm not personally interested in making my machine work exactly like some other operating system does. I suppose the end goal is a happy medium for now.

Are you a command-line or window person?

I'm command-line when it comes to dealing with moving, copying and otherwise working with files. If I have to read a text file I'll often use the command-line as well. Otherwise, I've come to use the GUI a lot on my desktop. I'm comfortable in both environments...I have to be since I teach both.

Do the top 10 lists of tools and resources in your book reflect your favorites?

Not always. They often include some of my favorites and things that I think beginners will find pretty cool and useful.

Is there any tool, web site or other resource that didn't make it into the book that you would like to have covered?

 Don't even get me started! I could easily make Linux for Dummies twice the size and still need more room.

You have a fairly hectic schedule, how do you manage to fit everything in?

Stress and chaos. In some ways I'm having to relearn scheduling, since I started doing onsite training in a big way in 2004. I have to schedule books and articles often before I know when I'll be out of town for training, so it's getting pretty "interesting" in the Chinese curse sense of the word. At the same time, some have suggested that I thrive on stress and deadlines, so maybe that's not a bad thing. I keep telling myself I'm going to slow down. Hah.

The cool thing is that I really try to do things that reinforce each other. The training I do really helps me get a feel for what people need help with when I do books and articles, not to mention what people find cool and interesting. The research for the books and articles gives me examples and experience to carry into a classroom for training. I try to always keep this in mind when choosing any project.

It's a bit dangerous as a writer not to get "out there" to a certain extent. I write so much that I don't have much time for consulting, so I have to constantly be finding out what people are doing out there in the real world. I keep a mailing list for my readers to join (see www.Dee-AnnLeBlanc.com), and use it to announce new things coming out and to ask questions. I can also poll my students and as a journalist I've always got companies wanting to tell me what they're up to, so in a way it's easier today for me to keep up than it used to be when I just wrote books. Ignoring legal battles, what do you consider the next big step will be for Linux?

That's a really good question, and not an easy one to answer. I tend to think that solidifying the desktop offerings is going to continue, and there are some gaps that need to be filled and some programs that need to be fleshed out. On the server side there are some offerings missing as well, but I understand that the big leaps in kernel development are actually slowing down, the general feel is that most of the big features are now there. This has some interesting implications to me, since if there's no 2.7 kernel tree (and there isn't right now), there's no need for developers and distributions to run on the treadmill of having to keep up with that. Those energies are going to go somewhere else. Will the software evolve faster? I don't know.

With all the work you do, how do you find time to relax, and what do you do to make the most of that free time?

Relax? What's that? I was never very good at it! It's a family problem; really, my whole family is way too wound up. I'd like to get back to doing yoga. I work on various fiction projects on the side (fantasy novels, SF/F short stories, that kind of thing), and one day will manage to get published there. I used to do a lot of stained glass work, even sold some pieces. Now I do some mosaics. I love to listen to music and have a very eclectic collection, everything from Middle Eastern to Classic Rock to Pop to Spanish Guitar.

Even in my relaxation, I'm scattered all over.

More Stories By Martin C. Brown

Martin C. Brown is a former IT director with experience in cross-platform integration. A keen developer, he has produced dynamic sites for blue-chip customers, including HP and Oracle, and is the technical director of Foodware.net. Now a freelance writer and consultant, MC, as he is better known, works closely with Microsoft as an SME; has a regular column on both ServerWatch.com and IBM's DeveloperWorks Grid Computing site; is a core member of the AnswerSquad.com team; and has written books such as XML Processing with Perl, Python and PHP, and the Microsoft IIS 6 Delta Guide.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories

SUNNYVALE, Calif., Oct. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Spansion Inc. (NYSE: CODE), a global leader in embedded systems, today added 96 new products to the Spansion® FM4 Family of flexible microcontrollers (MCUs). Based on the ARM® Cortex®-M4F core, the new MCUs boast a 200 MHz operating frequency and support a diverse set of on-chip peripherals for enhanced human machine interfaces (HMIs) and machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. The rich set of periphera...

WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, will discuss how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Aria Systems, the recurring revenue expert, has been named "Bronze Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Aria Systems helps leading businesses connect their customers with the products and services they love. Industry leaders like Pitney Bowes, Experian, AAA NCNU, VMware, HootSuite and many others choose Aria to power their recurring revenue business and deliver exceptional experiences to their customers.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is going to require a new way of thinking and of developing software for speed, security and innovation. This requires IT leaders to balance business as usual while anticipating for the next market and technology trends. Cloud provides the right IT asset portfolio to help today’s IT leaders manage the old and prepare for the new. Today the cloud conversation is evolving from private and public to hybrid. This session will provide use cases and insights to reinforce the value of the network in helping organizations to maximize their company’s cloud experience.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is making everything it touches smarter – smart devices, smart cars and smart cities. And lucky us, we’re just beginning to reap the benefits as we work toward a networked society. However, this technology-driven innovation is impacting more than just individuals. The IoT has an environmental impact as well, which brings us to the theme of this month’s #IoTuesday Twitter chat. The ability to remove inefficiencies through connected objects is driving change throughout every sector, including waste management. BigBelly Solar, located just outside of Boston, is trans...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Matrix.org has been named “Silver Sponsor” of Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Matrix is an ambitious new open standard for open, distributed, real-time communication over IP. It defines a new approach for interoperable Instant Messaging and VoIP based on pragmatic HTTP APIs and WebRTC, and provides open source reference implementations to showcase and bootstrap the new standard. Our focus is on simplicity, security, and supporting the fullest feature set.
Predicted by Gartner to add $1.9 trillion to the global economy by 2020, the Internet of Everything (IoE) is based on the idea that devices, systems and services will connect in simple, transparent ways, enabling seamless interactions among devices across brands and sectors. As this vision unfolds, it is clear that no single company can accomplish the level of interoperability required to support the horizontal aspects of the IoE. The AllSeen Alliance, announced in December 2013, was formed with the goal to advance IoE adoption and innovation in the connected home, healthcare, education, aut...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Red Hat, the world's leading provider of open source solutions, will exhibit at Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Red Hat is the world's leading provider of open source software solutions, using a community-powered approach to reliable and high-performing cloud, Linux, middleware, storage and virtualization technologies. Red Hat also offers award-winning support, training, and consulting services. As the connective hub in a global network of enterprises, partners, a...
The only place to be June 9-11 is Cloud Expo & @ThingsExpo 2015 East at the Javits Center in New York City. Join us there as delegates from all over the world come to listen to and engage with speakers & sponsors from the leading Cloud Computing, IoT & Big Data companies. Cloud Expo & @ThingsExpo are the leading events covering the booming market of Cloud Computing, IoT & Big Data for the enterprise. Speakers from all over the world will be hand-picked for their ability to explore the economic strategies that utility/cloud computing provides. Whether public, private, or in a hybrid form, clo...
Software AG helps organizations transform into Digital Enterprises, so they can differentiate from competitors and better engage customers, partners and employees. Using the Software AG Suite, companies can close the gap between business and IT to create digital systems of differentiation that drive front-line agility. We offer four on-ramps to the Digital Enterprise: alignment through collaborative process analysis; transformation through portfolio management; agility through process automation and integration; and visibility through intelligent business operations and big data.
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace.
Be Among the First 100 to Attend & Receive a Smart Beacon. The Physical Web is an open web project within the Chrome team at Google. Scott Jenson leads a team that is working to leverage the scalability and openness of the web to talk to smart devices. The Physical Web uses bluetooth low energy beacons to broadcast an URL wirelessly using an open protocol. Nearby devices can find all URLs in the room, rank them and let the user pick one from a list. Each device is, in effect, a gateway to a web page. This unlocks entirely new use cases so devices can offer tiny bits of information or simple i...
Things are being built upon cloud foundations to transform organizations. This CEO Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo, moderated by Roger Strukhoff, Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo conference chair, will address the big issues involving these technologies and, more important, the results they will achieve. How important are public, private, and hybrid cloud to the enterprise? How does one define Big Data? And how is the IoT tying all this together?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is going to require a new way of thinking and of developing software for speed, security and innovation. This requires IT leaders to balance business as usual while anticipating for the next market and technology trends. Cloud provides the right IT asset portfolio to help today’s IT leaders manage the old and prepare for the new. Today the cloud conversation is evolving from private and public to hybrid. This session will provide use cases and insights to reinforce the value of the network in helping organizations to maximize their company’s cloud experience.
TechCrunch reported that "Berlin-based relayr, maker of the WunderBar, an Internet of Things (IoT) hardware dev kit which resembles a chunky chocolate bar, has closed a $2.3 million seed round, from unnamed U.S. and Switzerland-based investors. The startup had previously raised a €250,000 friend and family round, and had been on track to close a €500,000 seed earlier this year — but received a higher funding offer from a different set of investors, which is the $2.3M round it’s reporting."
The Industrial Internet revolution is now underway, enabled by connected machines and billions of devices that communicate and collaborate. The massive amounts of Big Data requiring real-time analysis is flooding legacy IT systems and giving way to cloud environments that can handle the unpredictable workloads. Yet many barriers remain until we can fully realize the opportunities and benefits from the convergence of machines and devices with Big Data and the cloud, including interoperability, data security and privacy.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. Over the summer Gartner released its much anticipated annual Hype Cycle report and the big news is that Internet of Things has now replaced Big Data as the most hyped technology. Indeed, we're hearing more and more about this fascinating new technological paradigm. Every other IT news item seems to be about IoT and its implications on the future of digital busines...
Cultural, regulatory, environmental, political and economic (CREPE) conditions over the past decade are creating cross-industry solution spaces that require processes and technologies from both the Internet of Things (IoT), and Data Management and Analytics (DMA). These solution spaces are evolving into Sensor Analytics Ecosystems (SAE) that represent significant new opportunities for organizations of all types. Public Utilities throughout the world, providing electricity, natural gas and water, are pursuing SmartGrid initiatives that represent one of the more mature examples of SAE. We have s...
The Internet of Things needs an entirely new security model, or does it? Can we save some old and tested controls for the latest emerging and different technology environments? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, will review hands-on lessons with IoT devices and reveal privacy options and a new risk balance you might not expect.
IoT is still a vague buzzword for many people. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, will discuss the business value of IoT that goes far beyond the general public's perception that IoT is all about wearables and home consumer services. The presentation will also discuss how IoT is perceived by investors and how venture capitalist access this space. Other topics to discuss are barriers to success, what is new, what is old, and what the future may hold.