Welcome!

Linux Containers Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Zakia Bouachraoui

Related Topics: Linux Containers

Linux Containers: Article

Migrating to Open Source Databases Running on Linux

Databases Like MySQL, Ingres r3, PostgreSQL, and Firebird Have Aroused a Lot of Interest

Open source databases running on Linux like MySQL, Ingres r3, PostgreSQL, and Firebird have aroused a lot of interest.

Database developers and corporate users are heralding the anticipated the release of MySQL 5.0, which includes enterprise-level features such as stored procedures, triggers, and views.

Last August Computer Associates made Ingres r3 available under the CA Trusted Open Source License and followed up with a Million-Dollar Challenge, an unprecedented offer to the open source community to develop migration toolkits for the system.

Tony Gaughan, senior VP at Computer Associates, says, "The relational database world is evolving. Enterprise customers are demanding rich, functional products that scale, while lowering the total cost of ownership. Ingres has the pedigree of one of the most seasoned and functional products in the market that can be flexible enough to meet the demands of even the largest organizations."

The publicly traded data infrastructure software company Pervasive Software now services and supports PostgreSQL. Marten Mickos, CEO of MySQL AB, as quoted in SearchEnterpriseLinux.com, is optimistic about open source databases this year betting that "We will see increased growth, faster growth than before, in the adoption of open source in the enterprise, not just for MySQL, but across the board."

Though surely not breaking news, there are many compelling business and technical reasons for migrating to an open source database running on Linux. IT organizations are becoming more focused on business value and are asking questions like "Are we overspending on software? Are there more cost-effective alternatives that meet our specific needs and don't lock us into a long-term relationship with a vendor?"

Besides, unlike the desktop, a database isn't a user-facing technology. A change or modification to a database is less likely to "stir a hornet's nest" among a company's transactional or knowledge workers.

From a technical perspective, security and flexibility are being given serious consideration. For example, since Microsoft SQL Server is tightly integrated into the Windows platform, it's exposed to Windows virus attacks and, as a result, is vulnerable. There have been numerous documented virus attacks on Microsoft Windows, the worst attacks targeted at SQL Server. The Sapphire/Slammer worm (www.cs.berkeley.edu/~nweaver/sapphire/) exploited a buffer overflow vulnerability in Microsoft SQL Server. It infected at least 75,000 hosts and caused network outages and unforeseen consequences such as canceled airline flights, interference with elections, and ATM failures.

Companies are valuing more and more the need to assume greater control of their development processes. With open source, not only can a company view and modify the source code to fix bugs and add needed features, they can control the code's future development. After a consultant or vendor has developed a specific open source application for a customer, that customer is free to use a different consultant or vendor for future development, maintenance, and enhancements if it likes.

Since it's unlikely that Microsoft will open source SQL Server anytime soon, I thought LinuxWorld readers might find an overview of how to migrate the data structure and data from SQL Server to open source databases running on Linux valuable. A word of caution - tread carefully! A manual migration is extremely tedious. Each step takes many man-hours to complete. And, due to space limitations, I won't address the manual migration of stored procedures, views, and triggers that, admittedly, are important components of the enterprise-level database.

That being said, if considering a migration from Microsoft SQL Sever to MySQL, I would recommend waiting for MySQL 5.0 since the current versions don't have stored procedures, views, and triggers. PostreSQL, Ingres r3, and Firebird support stored procedures, views, and triggers so those databases are ready for migration and implementation today. For additional instructions on migrating stored procedures, views, and triggers please see (www.versora.com/__files/documentation/database_migrationsec.pdf)

Migrating Data Structure
First, you'll need to export the table structure using SQL Server Enterprise Manager:

  • At the SQL server, launch Enterprise Manager and connect to the database you intend to migrate.
  • Select all the tables that are being migrated, right-click, and choose Generate SQL Scripts.
  • In the dialog that appears, switch to the ‘Formatting' tab. Uncheck Generate the DROP <object > Command for each Object box. Check Generate Scripts for All Dependent Objects.
  • To make things more manageable, you'll probably want to choose Create One File Per Object. Click OK and indicate where to save the script files. This procedure will create a data structure that works only with SQL Server.
Tweaking will be required for the new database. Consider removing the brackets around names and types. Change types to corollary types. Remove the permissions and index statements from the end of each of these files and store them in a temporary "holding" file that will be applied after data is applied (for speed reasons). If statements aren't revised as indicated, migrating the data will be significantly slower.

When completed, copy these files to the new machine (via file sharing, by burning a CD, or any other way you want), and apply them to the new database. Each database has its own way of running SQL script files though most will let you execute scripts via command-line redirection. For example, PostgreSQL has a command-line tool called psql used to import SQL script files. An example command line for PostgreSQL might look something like this:

psql <dbname> -U <username> < sqlscript.sql

The total time needed to move the data structure manually varies depending on which database you're migrating to, how complicated existing tables are, and how many tables there are. Though this isn't a difficult phase, it can be tedious.

More Stories By Jon Walker

Jon Walker serves as CTO of Versora, an ISV providing Microsoft to Linux migration software. Mr. Walker recently has co-authored 2 whitepapers with Novell titled Migrating from IS Web Servers to Apache SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9.0 and Migrating File and Print Servers from Windows to SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9. Prior to Versora, Mr. Walker was CTO/VP of Engineering for Miramar Systems. Software developed under his direction at Miramar has been deployed to over 20 million computers worldwide. Mr. Walker has also served as senior technologist for Nortel and Xing Technology (now Real Networks).

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


IoT & Smart Cities Stories
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...
The deluge of IoT sensor data collected from connected devices and the powerful AI required to make that data actionable are giving rise to a hybrid ecosystem in which cloud, on-prem and edge processes become interweaved. Attendees will learn how emerging composable infrastructure solutions deliver the adaptive architecture needed to manage this new data reality. Machine learning algorithms can better anticipate data storms and automate resources to support surges, including fully scalable GPU-c...
To Really Work for Enterprises, MultiCloud Adoption Requires Far Better and Inclusive Cloud Monitoring and Cost Management … But How? Overwhelmingly, even as enterprises have adopted cloud computing and are expanding to multi-cloud computing, IT leaders remain concerned about how to monitor, manage and control costs across hybrid and multi-cloud deployments. It’s clear that traditional IT monitoring and management approaches, designed after all for on-premises data centers, are falling short in ...
DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City and will bring together Cloud Computing, FinTech and Blockchain, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, AI, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location.
We are seeing a major migration of enterprises applications to the cloud. As cloud and business use of real time applications accelerate, legacy networks are no longer able to architecturally support cloud adoption and deliver the performance and security required by highly distributed enterprises. These outdated solutions have become more costly and complicated to implement, install, manage, and maintain.SD-WAN offers unlimited capabilities for accessing the benefits of the cloud and Internet. ...
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that "IoT Now" was named media sponsor of CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO 2018 New York, which will take place on November 11-13, 2018 in New York City, NY. IoT Now explores the evolving opportunities and challenges facing CSPs, and it passes on some lessons learned from those who have taken the first steps in next-gen IoT services.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Silicon India has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Published in Silicon Valley, Silicon India magazine is the premiere platform for CIOs to discuss their innovative enterprise solutions and allows IT vendors to learn about new solutions that can help grow their business.
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5–7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buye...