|By Mark R. Hinkle||
|December 4, 2003 12:00 AM EST||
Analysis of UnitedLinux’s results to date may be helpful to those thinking about jumping on the UserLinux bandwagon. This is not to say that UserLinux is destined for failure; on the contrary, Bruce’s effort to bring the same discussion to the community rather than the corporate level intrigues me. But it leads me to pose the following questions:
- Can and will the community advance Linux in the enterprise faster than the distribution vendors?
- If so what differences between the two models will be the catalyst for success?
- Is UserLinux really needed - how much does UserLinux potentially overlap with work being done by OSDL and the Linux Standards Base?
One key theme in the initial Perens proposal is the idea of a structure that would include a central body setting direction for the community and making choices on applications supplied by those who cooperate with community efforts. He also envisions a technical plan that sets goals and maintains relationships with commercial organizations. Also there is mention of a certification of solutions on UserLinux, a practice that has allowed Red Hat to take a leadership position in the enterprise Linux space.
A community-led project with the ability to certify solutions would be an interesting competitor to Red Hat’s Enterprise Linux. I have to wonder if a band of community developers with a proposed $1 million annual budget can make advances that rival or overshadow those of the corporate Linux community. Then again, from the humblest of beginnings, Linus’ kernel project and RMS’s GNU initiatives have taken a significant market share away from the world’s largest company.
From a technical perspective, Perens proposes Debian as the base technology for UserLinux, which is no coincidence since he is a former leader of the Debian project. This is an interesting proposal because Debian has as good a technology as anyone (arguably better by many) but seems to be the least commercial of any distribution.
There would be some irony in Debian as the technology that powers corporations throughout the world. Debian does seem like a logical choice to address one of the biggest problems with Linux today, application delivery and installation. The difficulty of installation of applications across distributions due to conflicts and lack of supporting libraries could be solved by Debian’s apt tools, which are quite superior for the installation and resolution of dependencies in comparison to rpm.
Decisions on a standardized GUI interface and Web server software are all points of contention for UserLinux. All in all the proposal seems to point towards making some choices between existing technologies and thereafter working on better integration and overall usability. This strategy may result in a lack of innovation and healthy competition that exist today between “competing projects,” but could yield significant progress in Linux usability if the efforts of the individual groups could be combined.
I am sure that UserLinux will continue to spark debate because of user need for Linux to develop into a platform with some level of commonality across vendors. Once this commonality has become established then there needs to be a mechanism, vendor, or group of vendors that provide software solutions, management and hardware support equivalent to those available on other operating systems with equivalent or better prices and equivalent or better functionality.
Keeping this in mind maybe more interesting than UserLinux is the prospect of Linux being on the cusp of mainstream success. Ideas and the extension of ideas like Bruce’s are the tinder that will spark widespread Open Source adoption. I encourage everyone that can to participate to help Bruce shape his proposal.
|downwa 12/04/03 05:02:13 PM EST|
More important than a standard package management / dependency resolution system is a standard for what package names to use, and what files they should contain. Debian has the lead here, simply because the RPM-based distributions have fragmented their choices to some extent. However, I agree that urpmi is superior in some respects to apt-get.
However, in my view, it would be better yet if we could stop relying on the package to contain dependency information, and instead extract it from the files themselves. That is, use ldd against all executables in a package to determine which libraries are needed, at install time. If the libraries are already in the system (no matter how they got there), the install proceeds, otherwise, a search for packages providing those libraries is made, both on local CDs and over the network (like urpmi can do). The information retrieved should be cached, to speed up future installs, and the CDs could already contain a local cache. The difference here is the cache would be dynamically built from the actual contents of the package, not from what the package creator "said" was in the package. Also, it wouldn't matter if your libraries were installed via RPM, apt, or simply extracting a .tgz file.
|JDR 12/04/03 09:31:18 AM EST|
I think that standardizing on a single "package management / dependency resolution" system is as important to the adoption of GNU/Linux as a standard libc was to the C programming language.
All system administrators must manage software installations, and it would be really nice if there was at least one (nearly) universal body of knowledge that would accomplish that task.
|BeRT 12/04/03 05:48:19 AM EST|
Redhat Packet Manager ? RPM being a 'system'
and that would be
|Duck 12/04/03 03:46:07 AM EST|
From a technical perspective, Perens proposes Debian as the base technology for UserLinux, which is no coincidence since he is a former leader of the Debian project.
You make it sound like Perens chose Debian just because he is a former leader of the project, from reading the proposal I think he had different reasons and sees his previous involvement in the Debian project as a benefit.
He notices several aspects of Debian as important: Freedom, size (packages, developers, users), package delivery system, responsive and open behavior towards bugs and security issues, social contract and the broad range of architectures supported by Debian.
You can either build a distribution from scratch or build upon an existing effort. If you want to have freedom and openness and your goal is to bring the community spirit to the enterprise, you're not gonna build upon RedHat's fedora, right?
|Frank Wales 12/03/03 11:33:28 PM EST|
"...taken a significant market share away from the world’s largest company."
Isn't that the Mitsubishi Group, or maybe GE?
|Adam Boyle 12/03/03 07:14:33 PM EST|
Can we stop being so ignorant about RPM, please!!! RPM is a packaging standard, not a delivery/dependency resolving mechanism. Please don't tell me that RPM is worse than apt-get, because you're comparing a package to a delivery mechanism. RPM is the equivalent of a .deb package, and they really are functionally equivalent.
If you want to compare delivery and dependency resolution mechanisms, try comparing Mandrake's urpmi or RedHat's up2date to apt-get. And urpmi is arguably better than apt-get!
Besides the fact that:
> urpmi evolution
takes less characters to type than:
> apt-get evolution
Just my 2 cents.
|Chuck Wegrzyn 12/03/03 06:59:40 PM EST|
Why use Debian? While it is a nice platform, and one I have used for a few years, I think the Gentoo system is actually a much better way to go. It is easier to customize and much easier to keep up-to-date. The downside to Gentoo is the installation - it is more complicated than any of the other distributions.
|macb 12/03/03 06:59:32 PM EST|
This idea sounds fine to me, particularly since it doesn't involve creating Yet Another Distribution. The worst that can happen, it seems is that the idea will fail to pick up momentum but in the mean time will contribute to the existing Debian project.
What interests me is that companies like Red Hat and Novell continue to state publicly that they are NOT setting themselves up in competition with Microsoft. Following that they proceed to adopt, to the extent possible by the GPL Microsoft-like practices and furthermore measure their success or failure as though competition with Microsoft is indeed what they have at the top of their agendas.
What they don't seem to get is that Microsoft, when (should I say if?) it falls will NOT be replaced by something else. I think there is every reason to believe that Microsoft is an historical anomaly produced by the single-minded greed and ego of one man, plus a large pinch of luck in being in the right place at the right time to capitalize on IBM's fumbling of the PC business. Sometimes I think IBM fumbled it a bit on purpose, since had they retained full control of the PC hardware and software as we know it today they would have found themselves back in anti-trust litigation and they would have had a harder time fending off the Justice Department than did Microsoft.
I like seeing companies like IBM involved with Linux and Open source. Why? because software is NOT their only business. They sell hardware and services, invent things and sell patent rights. Novell, Red Hat, Suse, Mandrake, etc are all set up, like Microsoft, to make a killing just selling an Operating system. When in history did any other company succeed by just selling an operating system? Just once, just Microsoft and it is a bad act to try and follow.
As Bruce said on The Linux Show yesterday, the key to success is more likely to be with areas of specialization. Who will corner the market in selling turnkey Linux-based systems to dentists? How about doctors, construction companies, import/export companies, and so on? Companies like Red Hat or Novell could of course use subsidiaries to focus on these industries, but to do so they will have to abandon their current mindsets and start thinking about BIG payrolls with lots of locally based employees pounding the pavement to both sell into and support these specialties. That, in my opinion is a formula that can work (it seems to be working for IBM anyway).
Finally, Linux is a great tool for universities. Students have full access to everything to tinker with and in some cases improve upon. This was actually also the case with IBM software before PCs came along. It will be this synergy between the mission of higher education and both commercial and individual computer users that will keep Linux going even if ALL of the commercial Linux ventures fail.
Too much attention has been paid to leveling the playing field between Microsoft and other commercial software companies. We have lost sight of the fact that the operating system *IS* the playing field and the only way to enjoy the full benefit of competing ideas is to have an operating system that is both equally available to everyone and also that runs on all hardware. There is only one operating system that satisfies those requirements now and it is hard to see how anything can stand in its way.
|Randy Andy 12/03/03 06:39:56 PM EST|
The variations between GNU/Linux distributions is being regularly cited as a weakness of the GPL development model. I'll make a counter argument. This debate we are having about how to standardized GNU/Linux configuration so that competing distributions can continue to compete without stifling growth in the app space is one of the few places in the market this is happening.
We could hastily lock down some distribution and thereby speed up short term acceptance, but the GPL community is committed to retaining competition by looking to achieve an open standard for the OS development as well.
This hasn't been achieved elsewhere. If it can be done, the GNU platform will be the ONLY place where competition flourishes both in the OS space AND the App space. Everywhere else, the OS's have prospered not from their own strength, but from the standardized environment that allow only the App competition to flourish.
This determination shows the power of freedom of choice. Linux users get what they want.
|kaka 12/03/03 06:18:15 PM EST|
From what I understood, redhat was invited to join UnitedLinux the DAY BEFORE the deadline...meaning they didn't want redhat to participate but didn't want to look as though they were competition.
|Ed Mack 12/03/03 05:37:35 PM EST|
Bruce, there pretty much is this already. Debain follows the standards set out for distributions file paths, and other distros do to less a degree.
For the file depenedencies, Fedora, Debian ect.. have apt style tools that solve this by automatically getting them.
I don't personally see why a new distro should be made, if Debian was worked on in regards to desktop, a hellova lot of people would win, not just users of yet another distro
|Bruce 12/03/03 10:19:59 AM EST|
I think there should be more standardisation of the program locations.
The WebRTC Summit 2014 New York, to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 16th International Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, Big Data Expo, and DevOps Summit.
Mar. 28, 2015 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,419
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential M2M Brand by Onalytica in the ‘Machine to Machine: Top 100 Influencers and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed the online debate on M2M by looking at over 85,000 tweets to provide the most influential individuals and brands that drive the discussion. According to Onalytica the "analysis showed a very engaged community with a lot of interactive tweets. The M2M discussion seems to be more fragmented and driven by some of the major brands present in the M2M space. This really allows some room for influential individuals to create more high value inter...
Mar. 28, 2015 12:45 PM EDT Reads: 4,588
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on Twitter at @MicroservicesE
Mar. 28, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,355
Wearable technology was dominant at this year’s International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) , and MWC was no exception to this trend. New versions of favorites, such as the Samsung Gear (three new products were released: the Gear 2, the Gear 2 Neo and the Gear Fit), shared the limelight with new wearables like Pebble Time Steel (the new premium version of the company’s previously released smartwatch) and the LG Watch Urbane. The most dramatic difference at MWC was an emphasis on presenting wearables as fashion accessories and moving away from the original clunky technology associated with t...
Mar. 28, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,170
SYS-CON Events announced today the IoT Bootcamp – Jumpstart Your IoT Strategy, being held June 9–10, 2015, in conjunction with 16th Cloud Expo and Internet of @ThingsExpo at the Javits Center in New York City. This is your chance to jumpstart your IoT strategy. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but includes hands-on demos and walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of Do-It-Yourself IoT platforms including Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark and Intel Edison. You will also get an overview of cloud technologies s...
Mar. 28, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,005
SYS-CON Events announced today that SafeLogic has been named “Bag Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo® New York, which will take place June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. SafeLogic provides security products for applications in mobile and server/appliance environments. SafeLogic’s flagship product CryptoComply is a FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic engine designed to secure data on servers, workstations, appliances, mobile devices, and in the Cloud.
Mar. 28, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,355
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
Mar. 28, 2015 09:15 AM EDT Reads: 2,158
SOA Software has changed its name to Akana. With roots in Web Services and SOA Governance, Akana has established itself as a leader in API Management and is expanding into cloud integration as an alternative to the traditional heavyweight enterprise service bus (ESB). The company recently announced that it achieved more than 90% year-over-year growth. As Akana, the company now addresses the evolution and diversification of SOA, unifying security, management, and DevOps across SOA, APIs, microservices, and more.
Mar. 28, 2015 08:30 AM EDT Reads: 2,000
After making a doctor’s appointment via your mobile device, you receive a calendar invite. The day of your appointment, you get a reminder with the doctor’s location and contact information. As you enter the doctor’s exam room, the medical team is equipped with the latest tablet containing your medical history – he or she makes real time updates to your medical file. At the end of your visit, you receive an electronic prescription to your preferred pharmacy and can schedule your next appointment.
Mar. 28, 2015 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 568
The Open Compute Project is a collective effort by Facebook and a number of players in the datacenter industry to bring lessons learned from the social media giant's giant IT deployment to the rest of the world. Datacenters account for 3% of global electricity consumption – about the same as all of Switzerland or the Czech Republic -- according to people I met at the recent Open Compute Summit in San Jose. With increasing mobility at the edge of the cloud and vast new dataflows being predicted with the growth of the Internet of Things (and The Coming Age of Many Zettabytes) in the near...
Mar. 28, 2015 01:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,782
GENBAND has announced that SageNet is leveraging the Nuvia platform to deliver Unified Communications as a Service (UCaaS) to its large base of retail and enterprise customers. Nuvia’s cloud-based solution provides SageNet’s customers with a full suite of business communications and collaboration tools. Two large national SageNet retail customers have recently signed up to deploy the Nuvia platform and the company will continue to sell the service to new and existing customers. Nuvia’s capabilities include HD voice, video, multimedia messaging, mobility, conferencing, Web collaboration, deskt...
Mar. 28, 2015 01:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,400
The list of ‘new paradigm’ technologies that now surrounds us appears to be at an all time high. From cloud computing and Big Data analytics to Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) and the Internet of Things (IoT), today we have to deal with what the industry likes to call ‘paradigm shifts’ at every level of IT. This is disruption; of course, we understand that – change is almost always disruptive.
Mar. 27, 2015 08:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,008
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cisco, the worldwide leader in IT that transforms how people connect, communicate and collaborate, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cisco makes amazing things happen by connecting the unconnected. Cisco has shaped the future of the Internet by becoming the worldwide leader in transforming how people connect, communicate and collaborate. Cisco and our partners are building the platform for the Internet of Everything by connecting the...
Mar. 27, 2015 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 5,127
SYS-CON Events announced today that robomq.io will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. robomq.io is an interoperable and composable platform that connects any device to any application. It helps systems integrators and the solution providers build new and innovative products and service for industries requiring monitoring or intelligence from devices and sensors.
Mar. 27, 2015 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,356
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
Mar. 27, 2015 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,678
Temasys has announced senior management additions to its team. Joining are David Holloway as Vice President of Commercial and Nadine Yap as Vice President of Product. Over the past 12 months Temasys has doubled in size as it adds new customers and expands the development of its Skylink platform. Skylink leads the charge to move WebRTC, traditionally seen as a desktop, browser based technology, to become a ubiquitous web communications technology on web and mobile, as well as Internet of Things compatible devices.
Mar. 27, 2015 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,722
Docker is an excellent platform for organizations interested in running microservices. It offers portability and consistency between development and production environments, quick provisioning times, and a simple way to isolate services. In his session at DevOps Summit at 16th Cloud Expo, Shannon Williams, co-founder of Rancher Labs, will walk through these and other benefits of using Docker to run microservices, and provide an overview of RancherOS, a minimalist distribution of Linux designed expressly to run Docker. He will also discuss Rancher, an orchestration and service discovery platf...
Mar. 27, 2015 04:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,369
Sonus Networks introduced the Sonus WebRTC Services Solution, a virtualized Web Real-Time Communications (WebRTC) offer, purpose-built for the Cloud. The WebRTC Services Solution provides signaling from WebRTC-to-WebRTC applications and interworking from WebRTC-to-Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), delivering advanced real-time communications capabilities on mobile applications and on websites, which are accessible via a browser.
Mar. 27, 2015 04:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,681
SYS-CON Events announced today that Aria Systems, the leading innovator in recurring revenue, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9–11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Proven by the world’s most demanding enterprises, including AAA NCNU, Constant Contact, Falck, Hootsuite, Pitney Bowes, Telekom Denmark, and VMware, Aria helps enterprises grow their recurring revenue businesses. With Aria’s end-to-end active monetization platform, global brands can get to market faster with a wider variety of products and services, while maximizin...
Mar. 27, 2015 04:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,524
SYS-CON Events announced today that Vitria Technology, Inc. will exhibit at SYS-CON’s @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Vitria will showcase the company’s new IoT Analytics Platform through live demonstrations at booth #330. Vitria’s IoT Analytics Platform, fully integrated and powered by an operational intelligence engine, enables customers to rapidly build and operationalize advanced analytics to deliver timely business outcomes for use cases across the industrial, enterprise, and consumer segments.
Mar. 27, 2015 03:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,117